The best insurance against chipped stone is care in handling and protection of the unit after installation. Even with all of the special care and protection, building stone still becomes chipped from time to time, and a certain amount of patching is to be expected.
Any chip obvious from 20' distance should be patched. Chips measuring less
than 1/4" in two directions across the face should not be patched and are
usually left alone. Stone units with chips larger than 8" square should be
replaced, unless the damaged portion can be salvaged and expoxied back to
the unit. Most cracks can be patched if the units are reinforced.
Climactic conditions must be taken into consideration before patching is
to commence. Do not patch stone in freezing weather or if a freeze is anticipated
within 24 hours. On hot sunny days, patching should be done during the morning
hours where the Cast Stone is shaded or at temperature less than 90 degrees
Fahrenheit. Patches should be covered with a damp cloth and plastic sheet
to prevent the cement from hydrating too quickly.
The same material that was used to manufacture the Cast Stone should be used for patching. Experimental batches should not be used in an effort to obtain an instant color match. The water/cement ratio used should be as close as possible to the mix at the time of manufacture. Acrylic latex bonding agents may be used, but not in place of water. Use as a wetting agent less than a tablespoon per handful (18 ounces) of patching material. Never use metal tools for applying patch. Stones which were acid etched at the factory will require the same treatment applied to the patch.
A good patch will not match in color immediately. Dry cast products
will appear lighter where repaired; wet cast products may appear
darker. Patches that match immediately or in two or three days
have a tendency to change color later on after weathering. Through
curing, weathering and ultraviolet light, the patch will eventually
return to the original stone color. This process could take three
(3) months to a year or longer depending on the climatic conditions
and exposure to the weather. Patches which are not obvious from
20" when viewed in good typical lighting should be accepted.
Custom Cast Stone
734 East 169th Street • Westfield, Indiana 46074
Toll Free 888.776.9960 © Custom Cast